The Inti Raymi
The Inti Raymi is an ancient Inca religious celebration, as we all know the Incas worshiped their god: the God Inti or Sun in its translation into Spanish. Formerly the Inti Raymi lasted about 15 days; People made sacrifices and presented dances to worship the sun god. The last Inti Raymi held with the presence of Emperor Inca was in the year 1535, a year before the Spanish conquest, but it was the Spanish invasion in 1536.
Currently, the Inti Raymi is a theatrical performance, thousands of people from Cusco and from all over the world come together to this event which is one of the most important cultural and traditional events in this part of the world. This Inca celebration makes each Peruvian feel the Inca blood flow through their veins and revalue their Inca past.
The “Inti Raymi” or “Fiesta del Sol” was the biggest, most important, spectacular and magnificent feast carried out at the time of the Tahuantinsuyo Empire, which based its religion on the cult of the Sun festival. The Inti Raymi was made to worship the “Apu Inti” (Sun God) also known in some quarters as “Apu P’unchau” (God Day). The subjects of the Inca continued celebrating the feast hidden from the Spanish authorities, and a mongrel named Garcilaso de la Vega collected in his famous Royal Commentaries, descriptions of this unique and incomparable party.
The subjects of the Inca continued celebrating the feast hidden from the Spanish authorities, and a mongrel named Garcilaso de la Vega collected in his famous Royal Commentaries, descriptions of this unique and incomparable party.
The entrance of the Inca to the Main Square or the Esplanade of Sacsayhuaman was always presided over by a group of “acllas” that sprinkled flowers and accompanied by Pichaq men who were responsible for scaring with straw brooms evil spirits that might have in the path. His “kumillo” or hunchback dwarf carrying the “Achiwa” sort of umbrella always accompanied the Inca in all outdoor performances or parasol made of colored feathers.
Another part of the celebration of Inti Raymi was at the ceremony of the new fire. In this part of the ceremony, the Inca order to extinguish the fire in all the kitchens of Cusco and surroundings with the purpose of lighting the new fire that was spread to all the city´s kitchens. This because the cooks are experts not only in cooking but also in keeping the fire from the ashes.
On 24 June every year the winter solstice is celebrated, in other words the beginning of the Andean New Year: Inti Raymi.