How to travel by Air
The most convenient thing to do in order to travel to Cusco by air is first arrive to Lima, and once there, take another plane or simply a bus. From Lima direct flights leave to Cusco, lasting in general less tan seventy minutes. Also, it is possible to fly from and to Arequipa, Juliaca in Puno, Maldonado Port or Ayacucho.
It is important to remember that a “domestic tax” will have to be paid at the airport for domestic flights and a boarding tax in the case of international flights. It is also possible to access Cusco through the Alejandro Velasco Astete Airport, which has been recently remodeled and modernized. Such airport is located only ten kilometers away from the city, in Quispiquilla. In this case, it is compulsory for all passengers coming from international flights to go through migration office and customs office to show their loading and disembark card, keeping it until they leave the country. Nevertheless, all flights must be confirmed 72 hours before from any agency or by telephone with the number pointed out in the ticket.
How to travel by Land
Although it is possible to access Cusco by land, this isn’t the most convenient thing to, given that the route is long and the journey can be exhausting as it can last about a day and a half.
From Lima, routes 1, 2 and 3 must be followed. Should you travel along route 1, you will arrive first at Arequipa, and from there you will travel to Juliaca, and finally to Cusco.
If you choose to travel along route 2, first you will travel from Lima to Nesca, then to Puquio and afterwards Chalhuanca and Abancay until finally arriving in Cusco.If, on the other hand, you decide to travel along route number 3, the journey begins in Lima, continuing up to Huancayo and then up to Abancay. From there, Cusco is the next destination.
How to travel by Bus
Should you travel by bus from Pisac, Calca or Urubamba, you will arrive to Tullumayo Avenue. If you travel from Oropesa, Urcos or Sicuani, then you will arrive to the covered Coliseum in Manco Cápac Avenue. However, it is important to know that most of the inter-provincial buses arrive to the Tio Bus Terminal and to the Pachacutec Avenue.
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How to travel by Train
Two train stations can be found in Cusco, given that this means of transport is widely used in the area. Those trains coming from places such as Quillabamba and Machu Picchu will arrive at San Pedro Station. On the other hand, those coming from Arequipa, Puno or La Paz in Bolivia will arrive at the Huanchac Terminal located in Pachacutec Avenue
Nevertheless, as it was previously mentioned, it is a risky journey where thefts are very common and therefore you should be careful and keep an eye on your luggage. If you take a taxi, make sure that the fare is cheaper than two Peruvian Nuevos Soles. Most visitors are keen to get to Machu Picchu, either by trekking for 4 days along the Inca Trail, or by 4 hours in the train, but Cusco itself has a lot to offer the visitor and most travellers usually end up seduced with this vibrant city and stay longer than first planned.